Common Water Problems

Hard Water Facts

Most Americans live in an area affected by hard water.  Surveys suggest that 85% of the population has hard water.  Calcium and magnesium ions in the water when mixed with soap causes soap scum and spots on showers, stinks, faucets and other fixtures.  Pipes when severely clogged with water hardness can experience reduced water flow at the tap.  Water hardness can also cause an 80% increase in detergent use and an increase in hot water heating cost; this is because it takes more energy to heat a gallon of hard water than soft. In the laundry it causes whites to look gray and dingy, towels come out rough and stiff.  Hard water affects the taste of food and drinks, meats and vegetables become dry, chewy and loose their taste and appeal.

Soft Water Facts

With soft water you will experience softer, smoother more radiant skin.  You’ll have healthier silkier hair.  You’ll eliminate soap scum and hard water spots on tubs, shower, fixtures and toilets.  You will be able to wash your laundry with 80% less detergent.  Soaps and shampoos lather up effortless and last longer.  Water using appliances will last up to 75% longer.  Your white clothes come out cleaner and softer reducing the need for bleach and fabric softener.  Surveys say clothing will last up to 35% longer than with hard water.  You can prevent low pressure at faucets due to hardness build up in plumbing pipes.


Taste, odor, blue green stains, health

Chlorine (bleach) is added to water by municipalities as a disinfectant and is found to have an objectionable taste and odor.  The chlorine is a known carcinogen and is the reason for increase incidences of various cancer related illness caused by water supplied by municipalities.  Chlorine can cause dry, red and irritated skin. It can be cause of hair discoloration and dryness.  Chlorinated water can cause blue green stains in the shower, tubs and sinks when supplied through copper plumbing.

Egg, earthy, musky odors

Algae, molds and bacteria that live in water can multiply within a home’s plumbing system and cause these smells.

Metallic taste & smell

Can be caused by metals such as iron and manganese, while these substances can taste and smell bad they can also be harmful to your health.

Iron & rust stains

Iron is a metal found in the earth.  In sufficient quantities will cause orange or rusty stains on fixtures.

Iron Bacteria

This iron bacteria can produces a slime that’ll clog plumbing fixtures. It’ll produce unpleasant smell that may resemble fuel oil, cucumber, or sewage. It’s not  harmful to the health of humans but can have expensive effects on plumbing; with red, yellow, or orange discoloration and yellow stains on laundry.  Iron bacteria maybe accompanied by manganese that causes a black grayish discoloration to fixtures and holding tanks.

E-Coli & Coli form Bacteria

This bacterium is found in the fecal matter of humans and animals.  The coli form bacteria can be found in the environment, vegetation, sediment, insects etc.  Certain strains of e-coli bacteria can be very dangerous even fatal to humans.  It takes a very low count of the e-coli bacteria to be a potential health risk for humans (less than 50 colonies).  Coli forms are “indicator” organisms associated with bacteriologically polluted water.  Their presence in finished water is indicative of contamination & is not tolerated.


Arsenic is a semi-metal element in the periodic table. It is odorless and tasteless.  It occurs naturally in the environment and as a by-product of some agricultural and industrial activities, it can enter drinking water supplies through the ground or as runoff into surface water sources.  Human exposure to arsenic can cause both short and long term health effects.  Short or acute effects can occur within hours or days of exposure. Long or chronic effects occur over many years. Long-term exposure to arsenic has been linked to cancer of the bladder, lungs, skin, kidneys, nasal passages, liver and prostate.

pH Problems

When the pH of the water is low (acidic) it can cause corrosion of the plumbing and fixtures accompanied by blue green stains.  A high pH (alkaline) can be an indicator of high water hardness.  Soaps will fail to lather and the homeowner may experience severe spotting of appliances, fixture and dishes.  A neutral pH of water is 7.0.


Silica is found in many water supplies, silica is the second most abundant chemical element in the earth.


Extremely small solid particles suspended in water and other solutions. The weight of the individual particle is so low that a true colloid will not settle out, even after standing for an indefinite period. Colloidal particles are thought to have a charge that causes the particles to repel each other, and prevent their agglomeration into larger particles. A colloid diffuses very slowly or not at all through a membrane.